Agra is a city on the banks of the river Yamuna in the northern India’s Uttar Pradesh state. Its Altitude is 169 meters above sea level. It is situated 363 Km West of the state capital, Lucknow, and 200Km South of the national capital, Delhi. Agra is bounded by Mathura, Firozabad, Dholpur and Bharatpur districts.
Agra has been connected with the history of India, since ancient times. This city was first mentioned in the epic tale Mahabharata, where it was called ' Agravana,' which mean ' border of the forest '. Agra is most notably known for the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri, all three are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Taj Mahal: - The Taj Mahal is a white marble tomb on the southern banks of the Yamuna River in the Indian city of Agra. The Taj Mahal was commissioned by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1631, in the memory of his loving wife Mumtaz Mahal - a Persian princess who died giving birth to their 14th child.
Agra Fort: - Agra Fort is made of red sandstone. It is a historical fort in the city of Agra in India. It was built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1565. It was the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal till 1638 when the capital was shifted from Agra to Delhi. It is another World Heritage site of Agra. The fort is a typical example of Mughal architecture.
Tomb of Itmad-ud-Daulah: - It is a Mughal Tomb in the city of Agra located on the eastern bank of the Yamuna River. It is often described as a "jewel box", sometimes called the "Baby Taj". This tomb was built between 1622 and 1628. The Tomb was commissioned by Nur Jahan - the wife of Jahangir, for her father Mirza Ghiyas Beg who had been given the title of Itmad-Ud-Daulah (pillar of the state).
Fatehpur Sikri: - It is about 40 km far from Agra. The Fatehpur Sikri founded in 1569 by Mughal Emperor Akbar. It is also popular as the Ghost City. It is appreciated for the marvelous architecture of fort and Buland Darwaja. It was once the capital city of Mughal dynasty which was later abandoned, due to the shortage of water, however, the headquarters ultimately move to Agra Fort.
Akbar's tomb, Jama Mosque, Jahangir Palace, Mehtab Bagh, Moti Masjid and many more are the other popular destinations of Agra.
Airports: - Agra Airport has regular basis flights on the following route: Delhi – Varanasi – Agra – Khajuraho – Varanasi – Delhi.
Trains: - Agra is on the central train line between Delhi and Bombay and between Delhi and Madras and many trains.
Bus Stands: - It is well connected by road to every other city. Bus services are run by the Agra Municipal Corporation.